© 2019 by  Heather D. Flowe, PhD

Featured Articles

Alcohol and remembering a hypothetical sexual assault: Can people who were under the influence of alcohol during the event provide accurate testimony?

Authors: Flowe, H. D., Takarangi, M. K. T., Humphries, J. E., & Wright, D. S.

Date: Aug 2015

Published by: Memory

Selecting fillers on emotional appearance improves lineup identification accuracy. 

Authors: Flowe, H. D., Klatt, T., & Coloff, M. F.

Date: Dec 2014

Published by: Law and Human Behavior

Intoxicated witnesses and suspects: An archival analysis of their involvement in criminal case processing.

Authors: Palmer, F., Flowe, H. D., Takarangi, M. K., & *Humphries, J. E.

Date: Feb 2013

Published by: Law and Human Behavior

Receiver operating characteristic analysis of age-related changes in lineup performance.

Authors: Humphries, J. E., & Flowe, H. D.

Date: April 2015

Published by: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

The role of eyewitness identification evidence in felony case processing.

Authors: Flowe, H. D., Mehta, A., & Ebbesen, E. B

Date: February 2011

Published by: Psychology, Public Policy, & Law

Mickes, L., Seale-Carlisle, T. M., Colloff, M., Flowe, H., Wells, W., & Wixted, J. (In press). Confidence and response time as indicators of eyewitness identification accuracy in the lab and in the real world. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

Smith, L.L., Flowe, H., & Kanja, W.  (2019). Achieving more with less: A critical review of protocols for forensic investigation of sexual violence in low-resource environments. Forensic Science International: Synergy, 1, 108-113.

 

Koscielska, R. W.., Flowe, H. D. 2 ., & Egan, V.  (2019). The dark triad and mating effort's influence on sexual coaxing and coercion across relationship types. Journal of Sexual Aggression, In press.

Gasper, H., Roy, M., & Flowe, H. D. (2019). Improving time estimation in witness memory. Frontiers in Psychology. In press.

Seale-Carlisle, T. M., Wetmore, S. A., Flowe, H. D., & Mickes, L. (2019). Designing police lineups to maximize memory performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. In press. 

 

Flowe, H. D., Humphries, J., Takarangi, M. K. T.,  Zelek, K., Karoğlu, N., Gabbert, F., & Hope, L. (2019). An experimental examination of the effects of alcohol consumption and exposure to misleading postevent information on remembering a hypothetical rape scenario. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33, 393-413, doi: 10.1002/acp.3531.

Jores, T., Colloff, M., Kloft, L., Smailes, H., & Flowe, H. (2019). A meta-analysis of the effects of acute alcohol intoxication on witness recall. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33, 324-343, doi: 10.1002/acp.3533.

 

Maltby, J., Day, L., Flowe, H. D., Vostanis, P., & Chivers, S. (2019). Psychological trait resilience within ecological systems theory: The Resilient Systems Scales. Journal of Personality Assessment, 10, 44-53. doi:10.1080/00223891.2017.1344985

 

Benedict, J., et al. (2018). Social perception of faces around the world: How well does the valence-dominance model generalize across world regions? (Registered Report Stage 1). Nature Human Behavior.

 

Flowe, H. D., Carline, A., & Karoğlu, N. (2018). Testing the Reflection Assumption: A Comparison of Eyewitness Ecology in the Laboratory and Criminal Cases. International Journal of Evidence and Proof.

 

Smailes, H., Humphries, J., Ryder, H., Klatt, T., Maltby, J., Pearmain, A. M., & Flowe, H. D. (2018). Age-related differences in spontaneous trait judgments from facial appearance. Psychology, Psychiatry, and Law.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2018). Informants under the influence: Can intoxicated informants provide accurate information? CREST Security Review.

 

Monds, L., van Golde, C., Takarangi, M., Paterson, H., Flowe, H. (2017). Assessing the reliability of intoxicated witnesses. Australian Police Journal, 121-128.

 

Flowe, H. D., & Maltby (2017). An experimental examination of alcohol consumption, alcohol expectancy, and self-blame on willingness to report a hypothetical rape. Aggressive Behavior. doi: 10.1002/ab.21745

Flowe, H. D., Colloff, M. F., Zelek, K., Humphries, J. E., & Takarangi, M. K. T. (2017). The effects of alcohol intoxication on accuracy and the confidence-accuracy relationship in photographic simultaneous lineups. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 31, 379-391. doi: 10.1002/acp.3332
 
Hett, D., Flowe, H., & Takarangi, M. K. T. (2017). Metacognitive beliefs in posttraumatic stress disorder. The Psychoneurotherapist. 
 
Smith, L., Wetton, J. H., Lall, G. K. M., Flowe, H.D, & Jobling, M. (2017). Forensic science and the right to access to justice: Testing the efficacy of self-examination intimate DNA swabs to enhance victim-centered responses to sexual violence in low-resource environments.331-335. Science and Justice, 57, doi: 10.1016/j.scijus.2017.07.004
 
Colloff, M. F., & Flowe, H. D. (2016). The effects of acute alcohol intoxication on the cognitive mechanisms underlying false facial recognition.2139-2149.  Psychopharmacology, 233,  doi: 10.1007/s00213-016-4263-4.
 
Takarangi, M. K. T., Smith, R. A., Strange, D. & Flowe, H. D. (2016). Metacognitive and Meta-Memory Beliefs in the Development and Maintenance of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Clinical Psychological Science, 5, 131-140. doi: 10.1177/2167702616649348
 
Maltby, J., Day, L., Żemojtel-Piotrowska, M., Piotrowski, J., Hitokoto, H., Baran, T., Jones, C., Chakravarty-Agbo, A. & Flowe, H. D. (2016). An Ecological Systems Model of Resilience: Cross-cultural and clinical relevance. Personality and Individual Differences, 98, 96-101. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.03.100
 
Klatt, T., Maltby, J., Humphries, J.E., Smailes, H.L., Ryder, H., Phelps, M., & Flowe, H. D. (2016). Looking bad: Inferring criminality after 100 milliseconds. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 12, 114-125.
 
Ryder, H., Maltby, J., Rai, L., Jones, P., & Flowe, H. D.  (2016). Women's fear of crime and preference for formidable mates: How specific are the underlying psychological mechanisms? Evolution and Human Behavior, 37, 293–302. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2016.01.005
 
Bebane, S., Flowe, H. D., & Maltby, J. (2015). Re-refining the Measurement of Distress Intolerance., 85, 159-164. Personality and Individual Differences doi: 1016/j.paid.2015.05.005
 
Flowe, H., Carline, A., Takarangi, M., Humphries, J., French, S., & Prior, M. (2015). Sexual violence and complainant intoxication. Criminal Justice & Law Weekly, 179 (34)
 
Flowe, H. D., Smith, H. M. J., Karoğlu, N., Onwuegbusi, T., & Rai, L. (2015). Configural and component processing in simultaneous and sequential lineup procedures. Memory doi: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1004350
 
Humphries, J. E., Flowe, H. D., Hall, L., Williams, L., & Ryder, H. (2015). The impact of beliefs about face recognition ability on memory retrieval processes in young and older adults. Memory doi: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1006236
 

Maltby, J., Day, L., Hatcher, R. M., Tazzyman, S., Flowe, H. D., Palmer, E. J., & ... Cutts, K. (2015). Implicit theories of online trolling: Evidence that attention‐seeking conceptions are associated with increased psychological resilience., British Journal of Psychology doi:10.1111/bjop.12154

 

Smith, H. M. J., & Flowe, H. D. (2015). ROC analysis of the verbal overshadowing effect: Testing the effect of verbalisation on memory sensitivity. 29, 159-168. Applied Cognitive Psychology.  doi: 10.1002/acp.3096

 

Elizalde Monjardin, M., Holliday, R., & Flowe, H. (2015). Análisis de técnicas mnemónicas de la entrevista cognitive. Investigación y Práctica en Psicología del Desarrollo, 1, 137-144.

 

Flowe, H. D., & Karoğlu, N. (2014). Reforming eyewitness identification evidence. Criminal Justice & Law Weekly, 78 (44)

 

Flowe, H. D., Hope, L., & Hillstrom, A. (2013). Oculomotor examination of the weapon focus effect: Does a gun automatically engage visual attention? PLoS ONE

 

Flowe, H. D. (2012). Do characteristics of faces that convey trustworthiness and dominance underlie perceptions of criminality? PLoS ONE. 7(6): e37253. doi:10.1371

 

Flowe, H. D., Swords, E., & Rockey, J. C. (2012). Women's behavioural engagement with a masculine male: Evidence for the Cycle Shift Hypothesis. Evolution and Human Behavior 33(4), 285-290. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2011.10.006

 

Humphries, J. E., Holliday, R., & Flowe, H. D. (2012). Faces in motion: Age related changes in eyewitness identification performance in simultaneous, sequential, and elimination video lineups. 26, 149-158. Applied Cognitive Psychology doi:10.1002/acp.1808

 

**Mickes, L., Flowe, H. D., & Wixted, J. T. (2012). Receiver operating characteristic analysis of eyewitness memory: comparing the diagnostic accuracy of simultaneous vs. sequential lineups. ,18(4):361-76. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applieddoi: 10.1037/a0030609.

 

Ward, C., Flowe, H. D., & Humphries, J. E. (2012). The effects of masculinity and suspect gender on perceptions of guilt. 26(3), 482-488. Applied Cognitive Psychology doi: 10.1002/acp.2823 

 

Flowe, H. D. (2011). An exploration of visual behaviour in eyewitness identification tests. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25: 244-254. doi: 10.1002/acp.1670

 

Flowe, H. D., & Besemer, A. N. (2011). The effect of target-foil discriminability on criterion placement in sequential and simultaneous lineups. Psychology Crime and Law, 17, 587-610. doi: 10.1080/10683160903397540

 

Flowe, H. D., & Cottrell, G. (2011). An examination of simultaneous lineup decision processes using eye tracking. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25, 443-451. doi: 10.1002/acp.1711

 

Flowe, H. D. & Humphries, J. E. (2011). An examination of criminal face bias in a random sample of police lineups. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 25: 265-273. doi: 10.1002/acp.1673

 

Flowe, H. D., Stewart, J. S., Sleath, E. R., & Palmer, F. (2011). Public house patrons’ engagement in hypothetical sexual assault: A test of alcohol myopia theory in a field setting. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 547-558. doi: 10.1002/ab.20410

 

Flowe, H. D., VanNess, N., & Ebbesen, E. B. (2010). Testing the Reflection Assumption: An examination of the external validity of published studies on lineup identification accuracy. Unpublished

 

Mansour, J. K., & Flowe, H. D. (2010). Eyetracking and eyewitness memory. Forensic Update No. 101, Autumn, 2010.

 

Takarangi, M. K., & Flowe, H. D. (2010). Robbery and assault. In A psychologist's casebook of crime: From Arson to Voyeurism.

 

Flowe, H. D., Shaw, S. E., Nye, E., & Jamel, J. (2009). Rape stereotyping and public delusion. British Journalism Review, 20(4), 21-25.

 

Shaw, S. E., Nye, E., Jamel, J., & Flowe, H. (2009). The print media and rape. The Psychologist, 22(10).

 

Flowe, H., & Ebbesen, E. (2007). The effect of lineup member similarity on recognition accuracy in simultaneous and sequential lineups. Law and Human Behavior, 31(1), 33-52. doi:10.1007/s10979-006-9045-9.

 

Flowe, H., Ebbesen, E., & Putcha-Bhagavatula, A. (2007). Rape shield laws and sexual behavior evidence: Effects of consent level and women's sexual history on rape allegations., 31(2), 159-175. Law and Human Behavior doi: 10.1007/s10979-006-9050-z.

 

Ebbesen, E. B., & Flowe, H. D. (2002). Simultaneous v. sequential lineups: What do we really know? Unpublished manuscript.

 

Haefner, H. K., Khoshnevisan, M. H., Bachman, J. E., Flowe-Valencia, H. D., Dent, D., Green, C. R., & Reed, B. D. (2000). Use of the McGill Pain Questionnaire to compare women with vulvar pain, pelvic pain and headaches. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 45, 665-671.

 

Green, C. R., Flowe-Valencia, H. D., Rosenblum, L., & Tait, A. R. (2001). The role of childhood and adulthood abuse among women presenting for chronic pain management.  Clinical Journal of Pain, 17, 359-364.

 

Green, C. R, Flowe-Valencia, H. D., Rosenblum, L., & Tait, A. R. (1999).  Do physical and sexual abuse differentially affect chronic pain states in women? Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 18, 420-426. 

 
**This research was featured in a recent National Academy of Sciences report on Eyewitness Identification.
 

 

Book Chapters 
 

Ryder H., Williams N., Maltby J., Flowe H. (2018). Female counter-adaptations to rape. In Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. 1-17. 

 

Smith, H. M. J., Ryder, H. L., & Flowe, H. D. (2017). Eyewitness Evidence. In G. Davies and A. Beech (Eds.), Forensic Psychology: Crime, Justice, Law, Interventions. Chichester, West Sussex ; Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.

 

Forensic facial identification: Theory and practice of identification from eyewitnesses, composites In T. Valentine and J. P. Davis (Eds.), Factors affecting eyewitness identification.Ryder, H. L., Smith, H. M. J., & Flowe, H. D. (2015). and CCTV. London: Wiley-Blackwell

 

 (pp. 201-221). New York, NY US: Oxford University Press. Expert testimony on the psychology of eyewitness identificationLimitations of expert psychology testimony on eyewitness identification.  Flowe, H., Finklea, K., & Ebbesen, E. (2009). doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331974.003.009

 

 

Recent Presentations
 

Flowe, H. D., Smith, L. E. (2018). Remembering rape: The effects of acute alcohol intoxication and alcohol expectancies on women’s memory for forensic information in rape scenarios. Invited talk, Research Society on Alcoholism, San Diego, CA, USA. 

 

Flowe, H. D., Smith, L.E.. (2018). Remembering rape: A randomised controlled test of the effects of acute alcohol intoxication and alcohol expectancies on women’s memory. Invited talk, St Mary's SARC Annual Conference, Manchester, UK.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2018). The Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Misinformation Acceptance and Confidence-Accuracy Calibration. Invited talk, The University of Sydney, School of Psychology, Sydney, Australia.

 

Flowe, H.D. (2018). Criminal identification viewed from a different angle: Can a novel interactive lineup procedure improve accuracy? Invited talk, Flinders University, School of Psychology, Adelaide, Australia.

 

Flowe, H. D., Humphries, J., Takarangi, M., Zelek, K., & Karoğlu, N., Gabbert, F., & Hope, L. (2018). The Effect of Alcohol Intoxication on Misinformation Acceptance and Confidence-Accuracy Calibration. Paper presented at the American Psychology Law Society conference, Memphis, Tennessee, U. S. A. 

 

Colloff, M. F., Smith, L., Karoglu, N., Maltby, S., Smith, H. M. J., Flowe, H. D. (2018). Can a Novel Interactive Lineup Procedure Attenuate the Own Race Bias? Presented at the American Psychology Law Society conference, Memphis, Tennessee, U. S. A. 

 

Smith H. M. J., Andrews, S. White, D., Davis, J., Colloff, M., Baguley, T., & Flowe, H. D. (2018). A novel interactive face matching procedure: Performance of normal and superior face recognizers. Experimental Psychology Society meeting, Leicester.

 

Flowe, H. D., Smith, L., Colloff, M., Smith, H.M. J., Karoğlu, N., & Maltby, J. (2017). Criminal identification viewed from a different angle: Can a novel interactive lineup procedure improve accuracy? Paper presented at the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences: Forensic Biometrics - The Future, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

 

Flowe, H. D., & Carline, A. (2017). Interviewing complainants who were alcohol intoxicated during sexual assault: New evidence for practice. Paper presented at 'New Evidence for Practice' Conference at the Leicestershire Police Constabulary July 2017.

 

Flowe, H. D., Takarangi, M. K. T., Zelek, K., Catanho, R. (2017). Effects of acute alcohol intoxication during encoding on accuracy, confidence and grainsize regulation. Paper presented at the American Psychology and Law Society, Seattle, WA.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2017). Alcohol mediates the relationship between alcohol and reporting rape to the police. Paper presented at Integrating Research and Practice to Combat Violence and Interpersonal Aggression, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.

 

Gasper, H., Roy, M., & Flowe, H. D. (2017)  The accuracy of witness crime duration estimates can be improved. Presented at the Psychonomic Society Meeting, Vancouver, BC. 

 

Flowe, H.D. (2016). Acute alcohol intoxication and remembering hypothetical sexual assault. Invited talk, Liverpool University, Psychology Department.

 

Flowe, H.D. (2016). How accurate is the information that women volunteer about a sexual assault if they were alcohol intoxicated during the crime? Invited talk, Southampton University, Psychology Department.

 

Flowe, H.D. (2015). Does acute alcohol intoxication during the encoding of a hypothetical sexual assault increase misinformation acceptance 7 days later? Invited talk, University of Swansea, Psychology Department.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2015). The effects of alochol on identification accuracy and the confidence-accuracy relationship. Invited talk, University of Warwick School of Law.

 

Flowe, H.D., Colloff, M. F. (2015). The effects of acute alcohol intoxication on the cognitive mechanisms underlying false facial recognition. Experimental Psychology Society, Lincoln, UK.

 

Ryder, H. L., & Flowe, H. D. (2015). Detection of fitness-related stimuli over the menstrual cycle: Evidence for the rape-avoidance hypothesis. Paper presented at the 2015 annual BPS conference (The British Psychological Society), Liverpool ACC, Liverpool, England
 

Ryder, H. L., & Flowe, H. D. (2015). Detection of fitness-related stimuli over the menstrual cycle: Evidence for the rape-avoidance hypothesis. Paper presented at the ninth annual North Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society (NEEPS), Suffolk University, Boston, MA.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2014). Are women's memory reports for a traumatic event affected by alcohol intoxication during encoding? Invited talk, HaPPEN, University of Leicester, International Women's Day.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2014). The emergence of the ‘Simultaneous Superiority Effect’ – A curious paradigm shift in eyewitness identification research. Invited talk, Nottingham Trent University.

 

Ryder, H. L., & Flowe, H. D. (2014). Adaptive fertility-related physiological responses to attack. Paper presented at the eighth annual North Eastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, SUNY New Paltz, New Paltz, New York.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2013). Inferring criminality from facial appearance. Invited Talk, University of Warwick.

 

Flowe, H. D., Humphries, J. E., Cable, N., Takarangi, M.K.T., & Holliday, R. E. (2013). Alcohol and women's memory for sexual assault. American Psychology and Law Society, Portland, US.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Smith, H. M. J. (2013). Configural and holistic processing in simultaneous and sequential lineups. Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Rotterdam, NE.

 

Mickes, L., Wixted, J., & Flowe, H. D. (2013). A receiver operator characteristics analysis of simultaneous and sequential lineups. American Psychology and Law Society, Portland, US.

 

Klatt, T. & Flowe, H. D. (2013). Trustworthiness and dominance underpin criminal face bias in lineups. American Psychology and Law Society, Portland, US.

 

Onwuegbusi, T., Barrett, D., & Flowe, H.D. (2013). Competitive and temporal interactions affect the accuracy of eyewitness identification. American Psychology and Law Society, Portland, US.

 

Takarangi, M. K. T., Flowe, H. D., & Humphries (2013). The effects of alcohol on the development of intrusive memories for sexual assault. Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, Rotterdam, NE.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2012). Simultaneous versus sequential lineups: What do we know? Invited Talk, University of Birmingham.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2011). An examination of criminal face bias in a random sample of photographic police line-ups. Invited paper presented at the British Psychological Society, Glasgow, UK.
 

Flowe, H. D. (2011). Systematic Studies of Sexual Coercion Using the Participant Choice Method. Invited Talk, University of Surrey.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Cable, N. (2011). Alcohol and memory for sexual assault: Encoding failure depends on the emotional salience of the the to-be-remembered information. Sexual Violence Conference, Middlesex, UK.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Merry, R. (2011). Is the negative effect of stress on face memory moderated by stressor onset? American Psychology and Law Society, Miami, US
 

Flowe, H. D. & Ward, C. (2011). The effects of masculinity and suspect gender on perceptions of guilt. American Psychology and Law Society, Miami, US.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2010). Eyewitness visual behaviour. Invited paper presented at the British Psychological Society, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Canterbury, UK.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2010). Between deep breaths: The relationship between stressor onset and eyewitness memory for faces. European Association of Psychology and Law, Gothenburg, Sweden.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2010). Systematic Studies of Sexual Coercion Using the Participant Choice Method: Estimating the Role of Situational and Individual Difference Factors. Invited Talk, Nottingham Trent University.

 

Flowe, H. D., & Shaw, S. E. (2010). A Systematic Study of Sexual Coercion: Estimating the Role of Situational and Individual Difference Factors. American Psychology and Law Society Conference, Vancouver, Canada.

 

Humphries, J. E., Flowe, H. D., & Takarangi, M. K. (2010). How often do intoxicated eyewitnesses provide testimony in serious crimes? American Psychology and Law Society Conference, Vancouver, Canada.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2009). An Examination of Lineup Decision Processes Using Eye Movements. Invited Talk, University of Portsmouth.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2009). An exploration of visual behaviour in eyewitness identification tests. Invited talk, University of Plymouth.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2009). The effect of eyewitness identification evidence on charge reduction in felony cases. American Psychology and Law Society Meeting, San Antonio, TX.

 

Flowe, H. D. (2009). A comparison of decision processes in simultaneous and sequential criminal lineups: Inversion and composite effects examined. British Psychological Society, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Preston, UK.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Holliday, R. E. (2009). An examination of holistic versus analytical retrieval strategies in eyewitness identification tests. Psychonomic Society, Boston, MA.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Humphries, J. E. (2009). An examination of criminal face bias in a random sample of photographic police line-ups. British Psychological Society, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Preston, UK.

 

Flowe, H. D. & Sporer, S. L. (2009). Is the misinformation effect a reliable phenomenon? A new meta-analysis. European Association of Psychology and Law, Sorrento, Italy.

 

Shaw, S. E. & Flowe, H. D. (2009). Is the propensity to commit rape against strangers and acquaintances affected by women’s dress, alcohol consumption and assertiveness? British Psychological Society, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Preston, UK.

 

Sherman, B. E. & Flowe, H.D. (2009). The effect of criminal face bias on simultaneous and sequential lineup identifications. British Psychological Society, Division of Forensic Psychology Conference, Preston, UK.